Critical thinking sources

This list shall be continuously updated as we stumble upon interesting resources about critical thinking.

Interesting websites

In Czech language

Various web articles

Cook & Lewandowsky (2011): The Debunking Handbook
(A short summary of some research on effective debunking of myths while avoiding backfire effects *)

Engber (2018): LOL Something Matters
(“We’ve been told that facts have lost their power, that debunking lies only makes them stronger, and that the internet divides us. Don’t believe any of it.”)

Bayes’ rule: Guide
(“Bayes’ rule or Bayes’ theorem is the law of probability governing the strength of evidence – the rule saying how much to revise our probabilities (change our minds) when we learn a new fact or observe new evidence.”)

Scientific papers

Mercier, H., & Sperber, D. (2011). Why do humans reason? Arguments for an argumentative theory. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34(2), 57-74-111.
(A (longish) proposal of a theory of why people reason, try to persuade each other and have various biases.)

Mercier, H. (2016). The Argumentative Theory: Predictions and Empirical Evidence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(9), 689–700.
(A shorter, more recent summary of the argumentative theory.)

Haidt, J. (2001). The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. Psychological Review, 108(4), 814–834.
(How do we form our moral positions and judgments? 6541 citations as of Jan 2018)

Graham, J., Haidt, J., Koleva, S., Motyl, M., Iyer, R., Wojcik, S. P., & Ditto, P. H. (2013). Moral foundations theory: The pragmatic validity of moral pluralism. In Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 47, pp. 55-130). Academic Press.
(What basic foundations are there for our moral positions and judgments?)


Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking, Fast and Slow. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux Inc.
(A classic on intuitive and reflective thinking, heuristics and biases, … *)

Haidt, J. (2012). The righteous mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion. Vintage.
(A book-length treatment of the moral psychology behind our moral and political positions.)

* = You should be always careful with trusting sources of information, especially those that seem to confirm your opinions, but especially with these sources, as there are known issues with portions of them.